Outcome of climate talks in Poland positive

Outcome of climate talks in Poland positive

Agreement on the issue postponed for a future meeting.

In that context, some observers were cautiously optimistic about the outcome of this week's United Nations climate talks in the city of Katowice.

The deal between the agreement's almost 200 participating countries came after an all-night negotiating session at the COP24 conference in Katowice, Poland.

Michal Kurtyka, a Polish official chairing the talks in Katowice, sealed the deal yesterday after diplomats and ministers from nearly 200 countries approved. "We demand justice in order to survive".

The talks took place against a backdrop of growing concern among scientists that global warming is proceeding faster than governments are responding to it.

The final text adopted by the conference also falls short of endorsing a report by Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) about the devastating effects of even 1.5 Celsius degrees of global warming which requires specific reductions in greenhouse gas emissions by 2030.

But environmental groups said the package agreed in the Polish mining city of Katowice lacked the bold ambition needed to protect states already dealing with devastating floods, droughts and extreme weather made worse by climate change.

The United States as well as Saudi Arabia, Russia and Kuwait blocked official acceptance of a report in October warning of the dangers of not doing anything and instead backs fossil fuels.

The United Nations' COP24 event was originally scheduled to end on Friday. Among these issues is how to create a functioning carbon credit market.

Dubbed the "Zombie of Kyoto" by some, it pits emerging economies such as Brazil, which amassed large piles of carbon credits under the 1997 treaty's rules, against industrialized blocs like the European Union, which believe the older credits aren't worth the paper they were printed on.

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After 22 matches without losing, we were still only fifth and that is because of the levels of the other teams". Our game today was similar to what we played before, but the result was different".

Climate-vulnerable nations were also hoping to get some visibility on what happens after 2025, when the US$100 billion pledge expires, as well as on vaguely worded commitments to provide a separate stream of money - under the heading "loss and damage" - to help cope with climate impacts here and now.

"Transparency is vital to U.S. interests", added Nathaniel Keohane, a climate policy expert at the Environmental Defence Fund. He noted that breakthrough in the 2015 Paris talks happened only after the USA and China agreed on a common framework for transparency.

"We need to avoid straying from the principles and spirit of the Paris Agreement".

SALVATORE DI NOLFI/CP Demonstrations in Geneva, Switzerland on December 8 2018.

Nearly 200 nations, including the world's top greenhouse gas producers, China and the United States, have adopted a set of rules meant to breathe life into the 2015 Paris climate accord by setting out how countries should report their emissions and efforts to reduce them. This reflects the standpoint of the industrialized nations.

Climate activists say the Katowice rulebook is only a first step, as good policies and strong enforcement by governments are the key to securing climate goals.

"But the fact countries had to be dragged kicking and screaming to the finish line shows that some nations have not woken up to the urgent call of the IPCC report [on the consequences of global warming]".

"Putting together the Paris agreement work programme is a big responsibility", said COP24 president Michal Kurtyka as he gavelled through the deal after talks in Poland that ran deep into overtime.

Countries are now looking to a United Nations summit next September in NY, where Secretary-General Antonio Guterres has called on national governments to announced new, more stringent targets for reducing GHG emissions.

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