Air pollution kills every year 600,000 children

Air pollution kills every year 600,000 children

According to the report, about 600,000 children were estimated to have died from acute lower respiratory infections caused by polluted air in 2016.

The World Health Organisation (WHO) said that globally, 93% of all children live in environments with air pollution levels above its guidelines.

The report compiles evidence on a host of impacts including poor birth outcomes, infant mortality, adverse effects on neurodevelopment, weight issues, respiratory effects and cancers, concluding that air pollution impacts children in 'uniquely damaging ways'. Air pollution also increases the risk of chronic diseases such as cardiovascular disease later in life.

"Every child should be able to breathe clean air so they can grow and fulfil their full potential".

Together, household air pollution from cooking and outdoor air pollution cause more than half of all cases of acute lower respiratory infections in young children in low- and middle-income countries, World Health Organization said.

Children are extremely vulnerable to air pollution, says a report released during the first global conference on air pollution and health in Geneva. Studies from the U.S. have also shown that children who moved to states with better air have increased lung function and lower hospital admissions with respiratory complaints, such as asthma, pneumonia, bronchitis and respiratory infections.

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The report says that children in poorer countries are at more risk - 98 per cent of all children under five are at risk in areas of low and medium income, while 52 per cent of all children under five at risk in high-income countries.

The most harmful particulate matter, nitrogen dioxide and ozone concentration, despite the fact that the percentage of residents who fall under their influence is somewhat reduced, written by experts.

Not only can air pollution cut a child's life short, it can also lead to health burdens lasting a lifetime. But there are many straight-forward ways to reduce emissions of unsafe pollutants.

In the United Kingdom, most urban areas have illegal levels of air pollution and ministers have lost three times in the high court after challenges over the inadequacy of their action.

The WHO reports said large parts of Asia, Africa and Latin America are among the worst affected.

World Health Organization is also supporting low emission power generation, cleaner, safer industrial technologies and better municipal waste management to reduce community air pollution, Dr Neira added. It also causes psychological and behavioural problems, development delays by age three, a four-point drop in IQ by age five, said a Unicef report released in 2017.Even exposure to traffic noise is linked to behavioural problems. The Trump administration has praised the progress the USA has made in achieving cleaner air, but is also rolling back regulations from the Obama administration that aimed to curb pollution from power plans, cars, and oil wells. The conference seeks to raise awareness of the growing public health challenge and share information and tools on the health risks of air pollution and its interventions. Their aim is to spread awareness of the problem at hand and to provide policy-makers with guidelines to reduce air pollution.

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