India discovers new planet where a year ends in 19.5 days

India discovers new planet where a year ends in 19.5 days

Christened the EPIC 211945201b, the Physical Research Laboratory (PRL) in Ahmedabad not only found a new planet in the deep recesses of space but was also able to measure its mass.

According to a Times of India report, scientists at PRL designed a spectrograph called PARAS (PRL Advance Radial-velocity Abu-Sky Search).

The planet is 27 times the mass of Earth and has six times the radius, while being located over 600 light years away.

Importantly, this discovery could help scientists understand how these types of planets form so close to their host star.

"With this discovery India has joined a handful of countries which have discovered planets around stars", PRL's parent Indian Space Research Organisation has announced.

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Another red dwarf - K2-240 - there are two super-earths, in each of which the diameter exceeds the Earth twice. The atmospheric temperature of the red dwarf stars is said to be around the planets which may revolve and is about 3,450 and 3,800 K respectively.

The surface temperature of the planet was found to be around 600 degrees Celsius and was found to be seven times nearer to its star, in comparison with Earth-sun distance. Ice, silicates and iron content make up 60 per cent to 70 per cent of the total mass.

Paras spectrograph has also made independent measurements of the mass of the planet body as data from Nasa's K2 (Kepler2) photometry could not confirm the nature of the system.

This latest planet was also first spotted and listed as a candidate planet by Kepler, but it was a team of Indian scientists that confirmed it was a planet, rather than simply a comet or another astronomical object - which is the tricky part. Isro said very few such spectrographs exist around the world (mostly in the United States and Europe) that can do such precise measurements. Now, a trio of new rocky worlds has been discovered orbiting a distant star, and while they're a lot like Earth in terms of size, they're a bit steamier. The observations which will be done with VLT, future spectrographs in the GTC or with European Southern Observatory (ESO) is said to crucial as they determine the masses, physical properties, and densities of these planets.

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